Menu

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 200

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::createThumbnail() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 277

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 127

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkCache() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 206

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateName() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 207

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 32

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::translateNameOutput() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 279

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::getRealPath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 43

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Thumbs::checkSpecialImages() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/gk_classes/gk.thumbs.php on line 51

Deprecated: Non-static method NSP_GK4_Utils::cutText() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/modules/mod_news_pro_gk4/tmpl/layout.parts.php on line 218
В Степногорске открыли памятник Канышу Сатпаеву

В Степногорске открыли памятник Кан…

В Степногорске в рамках...

В Степногорске построят завод по производству высокотехнологичных подшипников

В Степногорске построят завод по пр…

В г. Степногорск Акмоли...

Очередь в детские сады в Степногорске вскоре существенно сократится

Очередь в детские сады в Степногорс…

В рамках государственно...

Парковка на газонах будет караться штрафами

Парковка на газонах будет караться …

Долгое время эта пробле...

ВЕРНИТЕ АСФАЛЬТ! (ВОПРОС АКИМУ)

ВЕРНИТЕ АСФАЛЬТ! (ВОПРОС АКИМУ)

Максим Пономарёв задает...

Главную площадь Степногорска спустя 15 лет вновь украсили часы

Главную площадь Степногорска спустя…

  Городскую площадь Степ...

В Степногорске выбрали мисс города на 2016 год

В Степногорске выбрали мисс города …

В Степногорске прошел к...

Депутаты уточнили бюджет города

Депутаты уточнили бюджет города

В степногорском маслиха...

Ток и шок

Ток и шок

В понедельник на террит...

Prev Next


Вступайте в наши группы в социальных сетях!


Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/templates/gk_news/lib/framework/helper.layout.php on line 181

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/salenko/public_html/stepnogor.kz/includes/application.php on line 536

Муравьи

Степногорские муравьи

В настоящее время известно около 6 тыс. видов муравьев (ежегодно ученые-энтомологи открывают всё новые виды), из них самый обычный — рыжий лесной муравей, который населяет всю лесную зону.

Общеизвестны так называемые муравьиные кучи, имеющие вид беспорядочного нагромождения лесного мусора. Однако это ошибочное впечатление рассеивается при ближайшем рассмотрении куч. Изучение показало, что жилища муравьев имеют довольно сложное строение. Каждое гнездо состоит из двух частей — надземной и подземной.

Надземная часть возвышается над почвой в виде кучки (купола или конуса) высотой до 1-1,5 м и шириной до 2-2,5 (в поперечнике у основания). Эта часть построена из хвоинок, чешуек древесных почек, кусочков коры, комочков почвы и различных растительных остатков. На поверхности кучи виден ряд отверстий, ведущих в подземную часть гнезда. Подземная часть состоит из внутренних помещений, представляющих целую систему галерей и камер в несколько этажей, соединенных между собой узкими ходами.

В больших муравейниках живет по нескольку десятков тысяч особей. В каждом гнезде население состоит из особей трех групп с различными функциями и особенностями строения: 1) рабочие муравьи мелких размеров (длина 4-9 мм), с сильными челюстями и большой головой; 2) более крупные самки (длиной 9-11 мм) с толстым брюшком и 3) самцы с очень маленькой головой.

Больше всего в гнезде рабочих муравьев, выполняющих все работы по муравейнику. Главным орудием во всех работах им служат жвалы (грызущий аппарат верхних челюстей). Этим муравьям приходится не только добывать жвалами строительный материал для гнезда и пищу, но и ухаживать за личинками и куколками, перетаскивая их из одной камеры в другую, из нижнего этажа в верхний (в зависимости от изменения температуры и влажности). В случае проникновения в муравейник муравьев других видов или вторжения посторонних предметов и чужих живых существ рабочие муравьи защищают гнездо от всех и всего, что угрожает его безопасности, выпуская едкую жидкость (муравьиную кислоту).

Самки, или Матки муравейника, заняты исключительно откладкой яиц и живут в глубине гнезда. Они имеют крылья до оплодотворения и теряют их после брачного полета. Самцы выполняют только функцию оплодотворения самок и живут в муравейнике временно, до спаривания. У них есть крылья, необходимые им для участия в брачном полете. Самки и самцы не добывают корма самостоятельно, а получают пищу от рабочих муравьев. Во время брачного полета на летающих тучами муравьев нападают стрекозы, охотятся птицы. После акта оплодотворения самцы умирают, а самки откладывают очень мелкие (меньше булавочной головки) белые яички, из которых выходят личинки. Затем личинки превращаются в куколок, заключенных в светло-желтые коконы овально-цилиндрической формы. Их часто неправильно называют муравьиными яйцами.

Необходимо помнить, что муравейники всегда нуждаются в охране. Лесные рыжие муравьи приносят неоценимую пользу человеку, помогая ему уничтожать опасных вредителей древесных насаждений. В отличие от лесных муравьев, строящих огромные гнезда в виде надземных куполов, степные устраивают гнезда глубоко в почве.

Оставить комментарий

Убедитесь, что вы вводите (*) необходимую информацию, где нужно
HTML-коды запрещены

Наверх